Satsuma is a city in Mobile County, Alabama, United States. Known prior to 1915 as Fig Tree Island, the city was named after the Satsuma orange, which was successfully cultivated and grown in Alabama starting in 1878, a gift from Meiji, Japan. Satsuma is now a part of the Mobile metropolitan statistical area.
The City of Satsuma is located just south of the I-65 and Highway 43 intersection in Mobile County, Alabama and once boasted of a citrus (specifically satsumas) and pecan growing economy. Established in 1959, the community now serves as a suburb for the City of Mobile.
Though Satsuma is geographically small, its population has experienced significant growth in recent years. With creeks and waterways on one side, Satsuma has become a gateway to the Mobile Delta and the Mobile River. In 1878, Mandarin Satsuma oranges were introduced to Alabama. In 1915, the Town was named "Satsuma".